Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: A multi-cultural self-determination approach

Jowett, Sophia, Adie, James W., Bartholomew, Kimberley J., Yang, Sophie X., Gustafsson, Henrik and Lopez-Jiménez, Alicia (2017) Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: A multi-cultural self-determination approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32. pp. 143-152. ISSN 1469-0292

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Abstract

Objective: Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study examined the cultural invariance of a model that hypothesized sport performers’ well-being will be predicted by both their perceptions of motivation and the quality of the relationship held with their coach. Method: Participants (N = 756), originating from five countries (British, Chinese, Greek, Spanish, and Swedish), completed a questionnaire that measured perceived coach-athlete relationship quality, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and well-being. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was employed to analyze the data. Results: Analysis revealed that athletes who perceived a high quality relationship experienced heightened levels of basic need satisfaction. Need satisfaction positively predicted self-determined motivation, which, in turn, linked to enhanced well-being. Moreover, mediation analyses supported the explanatory roles of need satisfaction and self-determined motivation within the model. Lastly, multi-sample SEM invariance testing revealed the model to be largely invariant across cultures. Conclusions: The results support the universal application of self-determination theory and the central role interpersonal relationships play in promoting well-being.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: coach-athlete relationships,self-determination,basic psychological needs,motivation,optimal functioning
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Education and Lifelong Learning
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2017 05:06
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 01:07
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63904
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004

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