Renal denervation for the management of resistant hypertension

Patel, Hitesh, Hayward, Carl, Vassiliou, Vassilios, Patel, Ketna, Howard, James P and Di Mario, Carlo (2015) Renal denervation for the management of resistant hypertension. Integrated Blood Pressure Control, 2015 (8). pp. 57-69. ISSN 1178-7104

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Abstract

Renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) as a therapy for patients with resistant hypertension has attracted great interest. The majority of studies in this field have demonstrated impressive reductions in blood pressure (BP). However, these trials were not randomized or sham-controlled and hence, the findings may have been overinflated due to trial biases. SYMPLICITY HTN-3 was the first randomized controlled trial to use a blinded sham-control and ambulatory BP monitoring. A surprise to many was that this study was neutral. Possible reasons for this neutrality include the fact that RSD may not be effective at lowering BP in man, RSD was not performed adequately due to limited operator experience, patients’ adherence with their antihypertensive drugs may have changed during the trial period, and perhaps the intervention only works in certain subgroups that are yet to be identified. Future studies seeking to demonstrate efficacy of RSD should be designed as randomized blinded sham-controlled trials. The efficacy of RSD is in doubt, but many feel that its safety has been established through the thousands of patients in whom the procedure has been performed. Over 90% of these data, however, are for the Symplicity™ system and rarely extend beyond 12 months of follow-up. Long-term safety cannot be assumed with RSD and nor should it be assumed that if one catheter system is safe then all are. We hope that in the near future, with the benefit of well-designed clinical trials, the role of renal denervation in the management of hypertension will be established.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: resistant hypertension,renal denervation,sympathetic nervous system,symplicity
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2017 05:06
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 23:53
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63797
DOI: 10.2147/IBPC.S65632

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