Relationship between the Mediterranean dietary pattern and musculoskeletal health in children, adolescents, and adults: systematic review and evidence map

Craig, Jean V., Bunn, Diane K., Hayhoe, Richard P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7335-2715, Appleyard, Will O., Lenaghan, Elizabeth A. and Welch, Ailsa A. (2017) Relationship between the Mediterranean dietary pattern and musculoskeletal health in children, adolescents, and adults: systematic review and evidence map. Nutrition Research Reviews, 75 (10). 830–857. ISSN 0954-4224

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Abstract

Context: An understanding of the modifiable effects of diet on bone and skeletal muscle mass and strength over the life course will help inform strategies to reduce age-related fracture risk. The Mediterranean diet is rich in nutrients that may be important for optimal musculoskeletal health. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between a Mediterranean diet and musculoskeletal outcomes (fracture, bone density, osteoporosis, sarcopenia) in any age group. Data Sources: Ten electronic databases were searched. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that investigated a traditional Mediterranean diet, published in any language, were eligible. Studies using other designs or other definitions of the Mediterranean diet were collated separately in an evidence map. Data Extraction: Details on study design, methods, population, dietary intervention or exposure, length of follow-up, and effect on or association with musculoskeletal outcomes were extracted. Results: The search yielded 1738 references. Data from eligible randomized controlled trials (n = 0) and prospective cohort studies (n = 3) were synthesized narratively by outcome for the systematic review. Two of these studies reported on hip fracture incidence, but results were contradictory. A third study found no association between the Mediterranean diet and sarcopenia incidence. Conclusions: Overall, the systematic review and evidence map demonstrate a lack of research to understand the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and musculoskeletal health in all ages. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO registration number IDCRD42016037038.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: systematic review,mediterranean diet,fracture,osteoporosis,sarcopenia,musculoskeletal
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 May 2017 05:06
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 12:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63474
DOI: 10.1093/nutrit/nux042

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