Relationship between the Mediterranean dietary pattern and musculoskeletal health in children, adolescents, and adults: systematic review and evidence map

Craig, Jean V., Bunn, Diane K., Hayhoe, Richard P., Appleyard, Will O., Lenaghan, Elizabeth A. and Welch, Ailsa A. (2017) Relationship between the Mediterranean dietary pattern and musculoskeletal health in children, adolescents, and adults: systematic review and evidence map. Nutrition Research Reviews, 75 (10). 830–857. ISSN 0954-4224

[img] PDF (Accepted manuscript) - Submitted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 December 2099.

Download (691kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
PDF (Published manuscript) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (524kB) | Preview

Abstract

Context: An understanding of the modifiable effects of diet on bone and skeletal muscle mass and strength over the life course will help inform strategies to reduce age-related fracture risk. The Mediterranean diet is rich in nutrients that may be important for optimal musculoskeletal health. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between a Mediterranean diet and musculoskeletal outcomes (fracture, bone density, osteoporosis, sarcopenia) in any age group. Data Sources: Ten electronic databases were searched. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that investigated a traditional Mediterranean diet, published in any language, were eligible. Studies using other designs or other definitions of the Mediterranean diet were collated separately in an evidence map. Data Extraction: Details on study design, methods, population, dietary intervention or exposure, length of follow-up, and effect on or association with musculoskeletal outcomes were extracted. Results: The search yielded 1738 references. Data from eligible randomized controlled trials (n = 0) and prospective cohort studies (n = 3) were synthesized narratively by outcome for the systematic review. Two of these studies reported on hip fracture incidence, but results were contradictory. A third study found no association between the Mediterranean diet and sarcopenia incidence. Conclusions: Overall, the systematic review and evidence map demonstrate a lack of research to understand the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and musculoskeletal health in all ages. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO registration number IDCRD42016037038.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: systematic review,mediterranean diet,fracture,osteoporosis,sarcopenia,musculoskeletal
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 11 May 2017 05:06
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 04:26
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63474
DOI: 10.1093/nutrit/nux042

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item