Unequal household carbon footprints in China

Wiedenhofer, Dominik, Guan, Dabo, Liu, Zhu, Meng, Jing, Zhang, Ning and Wei, Yi-Ming (2017) Unequal household carbon footprints in China. Nature Climate Change, 7. pp. 75-80. ISSN 1758-678X

[img]
Preview
PDF (Accepted manuscript) - Submitted Version
Download (629kB) | Preview

Abstract

Households’ carbon footprints are unequally distributed among the rich and poor due to differences in the scale and patterns of consumption. We present distributional focused carbon footprints for Chinese households and use a carbon-footprint-Gini coefficient to quantify inequalities. We find that in 2012 the urban very rich, comprising 5% of population, induced 19% of the total carbon footprint from household consumption in China, with 6.4 tCO2/cap. The average Chinese household footprint remains comparatively low (1.7 tCO2/cap), while those of the rural population and urban poor, comprising 58% of population, are 0.5–1.6 tCO2/cap. Between 2007 and 2012 the total footprint from households increased by 19%, with 75% of the increase due to growing consumption of the urban middle class and the rich. This suggests that a transformation of Chinese lifestyles away from the current trajectory of carbon-intensive consumption patterns requires policy interventions to improve living standards and encourage sustainable consumption.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2017 05:09
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 01:25
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63190
DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3165

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item