Workplace resources to improve both employee well-being and performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Nielsen, Karina, Nielsen, Morten, Ogbonnaya, Chidiebere, Känsälä, Marja, Saari, Eveliina and Isaksson, Kerstin (2017) Workplace resources to improve both employee well-being and performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Work & Stress, 31 (1). pp. 82-99. ISSN 0267-8373

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Organizations are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of employees in gaining and maintaining competitive advantage. The happy worker-productive worker thesis suggests that workers who experience high levels of well-being also perform well and vice versa, however, organizations need to know how to ensure such happy and productive workers. The present review and meta-analysis identifies workplace resources at the individual, the group, the leader and the organizational levels that are related to both employee well-being and organizational performance. We examine which types of resources are most important in predicting both employee well-being and performance. We identified 84 quantitative studies published in print and online from 2003 to November 2015. Resources at either of the four levels were related to both employee well-being and performance. We found no significant differences in employee well-being and organizational performance between the four levels of workplace resources, suggesting that interventions may focus on any of these levels. Cross-sectional studies showed stronger relationships with well-being and performance than longitudinal studies. Studies using objective performance ratings provided weaker relationships between resources and performance than self-rated and leader/third party rated studies.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Employment Systems and Institutions
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2017 00:42
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 10:30
DOI: 10.1080/02678373.2017.1304463


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