Temporal Distance and Person Memory:Thinking About the Future Changes Memory for the Past

Wyer, Natalie A., Perfect, Timothy J. and Pahl, Sabine (2010) Temporal Distance and Person Memory:Thinking About the Future Changes Memory for the Past. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 (6). pp. 805-816. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

Psychological distance has been shown to influence how people construe an event such that greater distance produces high-level construal (characterized by global or holistic processing) and lesser distance produces low-level construal (characterized by detailed or feature-based processing). The present research tested the hypothesis that construal level has carryover effects on how information about an event is retrieved from memory. Two experiments manipulated temporal distance and found that greater distance (high-level construal) improves face recognition and increases retrieval of the abstract features of an event, whereas lesser distance (low-level construal) impairs face recognition and increases retrieval of the concrete details of an event. The findings have implications for transfer-inappropriate processing accounts of face recognition and event memory, and suggest potential applications in forensic settings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychological distance,person memory,construal level
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 01:42
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 02:58
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63032
DOI: 10.1177/0146167210370965

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