Prospective associations between sedentary time, sleep duration and adiposity in adolescents

Collings, Paul J, Wijndaele, Katrien, Corder, Kirsten, Westgate, Kate, Ridgway, Charlotte L, Sharp, Stephen J, Atkin, Andrew J, Bamber, Diane, Goodyer, Ian, Brage, Soren and Ekelund, Ulf (2015) Prospective associations between sedentary time, sleep duration and adiposity in adolescents. Sleep, 16 (6). pp. 717-722. ISSN 0161-8105

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether objectively measured sedentary time and sleep duration are associated with changes in adiposity from mid- to late adolescence.  Methods: Students (n = 504, 42% boys) were recruited from schools in Cambridgeshire, UK. At baseline (mean age 15.0 ± 0.3 years), sedentary time was objectively measured by ≥3 days of combined heart rate and movement sensing. Concurrently, sleep duration was measured by combined sensing in conjunction with self-reported bed times. Fat mass index (FMI; kg/m(2)) was estimated at baseline and follow-up (17.5 ± 0.3 years) by anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance. FMI change (ΔFMI) was calculated by subtracting the baseline from follow-up values. Linear regression models adjusted for basic demographics, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and depressive symptoms were used to investigate associations of sedentary time and sleep duration (mutually adjusted for one another) with ΔFMI.  Results: FMI increased by 0.5 and 0.6 kg/m(2) in boys and girls, respectively, but there was no association between sedentary time and ΔFMI in either gender (p ≥ 0.087), and no association between sleep duration and ΔFMI in girls (p ≥ 0.61). In boys, each additional hour of baseline sleep significantly reduced the ΔFMI by 0.13 kg/m(2) (p = 0.049), but there was little evidence for this association after adjusting for MVPA and depressive symptoms (p = 0.15).  Conclusions: Sedentary time may not determine changes in adiposity from mid- to late adolescence, nor may sleep duration in girls. However, sleep length may be inversely associated with adiposity gain in boys, depending on whether the relationship is confounded or mediated by MVPA and depression.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: sedentariness,sleep length,body fatness,obesity,youth,cohort study
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2017 04:22
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 02:41
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/62362
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.02.532

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