Apolipoprotein E (epsilon) genotype has a greater impact on apoB-48 than apoB-100 responses to dietary fat manipulation—insights from the SATgenε study

Jackson, Kim G, Lockyer, Stacey, Carvalho-Wells, Andrew L, Williams, Christine M, Minihane, Anne M and Lovegrove, Julie A (2017) Apolipoprotein E (epsilon) genotype has a greater impact on apoB-48 than apoB-100 responses to dietary fat manipulation—insights from the SATgenε study. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 61 (4). ISSN 1613-4125

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Abstract

Scope: To determine the contribution of intestinally and liver-derived lipoproteins to the postprandial plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) response in APOE3/E3 and E3/E4 individuals following chronic dietary fat manipulation. Methods and results: In sequential order, participants (n = 12 E3/E3, n = 11 E3/E4) followed low fat (LF); high-fat, high-saturated fat (HSF); and HSF with 3.45 g/day docosahexaenoic acid (HSF-DHA) diets, each for 8 weeks. After each dietary period, an acute test meal with a macronutrient profile representative of the dietary intervention was consumed. Apolipoprotein (apo)B isoforms were determined in isolated TAG-rich lipoprotein fractions (Sf>400, Sf 60–400 and Sf 20–60) by specific ELISA. A genotype*meal/diet interaction for the Sf>400 fraction apoB-48 response (P<0.05) was observed, with higher concentrations reached after the LF than HSF-DHA meal in E4 carriers. This finding was associated with a lower TAG content of the Sf>400 particles. Fasting Sf 60–400 and 20–60 apoB-48 concentrations were also significantly higher in E4 carriers. No impact of genotype on the apoB-100 responses was evident. Conclusion: Our study revealed marked effects of dietary fat composition on the Sf>400 apoB-48 response and particle TAG content in E4 carriers relative to the ‘wild-type’ E3/E3 genotype, which suggest APOE genotype is a potential modulator of chylomicron particle synthesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apoe genotype,dietary fat quantity,docosahexaenoic acid,saturated fat,triacylglycerol
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2016 00:07
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 01:16
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/61717
DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.201600688

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