The roles of participatory monitoring in reducing risk around volcanoes

Stone, Jonathan (2015) The roles of participatory monitoring in reducing risk around volcanoes. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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Abstract

This thesis examines the roles of participatory monitoring in reducing disaster
risk around volcanoes, by the production of knowledge, enhancing the
provision of early warnings, and stimulating risk reducing adaptations. Citizen
participation in processes that manage and reduce risk is thought to be
essential for building resilient and sustainable development. This thesis
addresses gaps in theoretical and practical understanding of the roles of
citizens in the production and use of knowledge through participatory
monitoring, and the roles of participatory monitoring in reducing risk.
Findings are presented from a global survey of citizen participation with
volcano monitoring institutions, comparing across different volcanic, cultural,
and risk governance settings. It describes how many of the institutions’
motivations are focused on knowledge production and relational trust benefits,
but that most initiatives are ad-hoc and reactive to eruptive events, and thus
unlikely to quite deliver the expected benefits.
Using an in depth case-study on risk reduction through a community-based
monitoring network around volcán Tungurahua, Ecuador, the roles of
participatory monitoring at a community scale are analysed. The network grew
organically and has multiple risk reduction roles through knowledge
production, early warning, enhanced risk awareness, fostering trust-based
relationships between scientists and communities, facilitating risk reducing
adaptations at community and district levels to multiple hazards.
The contextual influences on participatory monitoring are identified using in
depth case-studies of participatory monitoring through long-lived eruptions at
two volcanoes: Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat; and volcán Tungurahua.
Findings show the importance of the risk context, how risk is managed,
the ways that monitoring institutions learn, and the effect of these influences on
each other and on the agency of citizens.
The thesis demonstrates that participatory monitoring and participating
citizens can have multiple risk reducing roles through knowledge production,
knowledge communication, and the actions that can be taken based on
knowledge.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Jackie Webb
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2016 16:00
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2016 16:01
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/61697
DOI:

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