Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants

Althaus, Nadja and Westermann, Gert (2016) Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 151. pp. 5-17. ISSN 0022-0965

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Abstract

How do infants' emerging language abilities affect their organization of objects into categories? The question of whether labels can shape the early perceptual categories formed by young infants has received considerable attention, but evidence has remained inconclusive. Here, 10-month-old infants (N = 80) were familiarized with a series of morphed stimuli along a continuum that can be seen as either one category or two categories. Infants formed one category when the stimuli were presented in silence or paired with the same label, but they divided the stimulus set into two categories when half of the stimuli were paired with one label and half with another label. Pairing the stimuli with two different nonlinguistic sounds did not lead to the same result. In this case, infants showed evidence for the formation of a single category, indicating that nonlinguistic sounds do not cause infants to divide a category. These results suggest that labels and visual perceptual information interact in category formation, with labels having the potential to constructively shape category structures already in preverbal infants, and that nonlinguistic sounds do not have the same effect.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: categorization,infancy,eye-tracking,cognitive development,language acquisition,language and cognition
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2016 00:03
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 01:14
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/61551
DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.11.013

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