Prelamin a acts to accelerate smooth muscle cell senescence and is a novel biomarker of human vascular aging

Ragnauth, Cassandra D., Warren, Derek T., Liu, Yiwen, McNair, Rosamund, Tajsic, Tamara, Figg, Nichola, Shroff, Rukshana, Skepper, Jeremy and Shanahan, Catherine M. (2010) Prelamin a acts to accelerate smooth muscle cell senescence and is a novel biomarker of human vascular aging. Circulation, 121 (20). pp. 2200-2210. ISSN 0009-7322

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BACKGROUND-: Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is a rare inherited disorder of premature aging caused by mutations in LMNA or Zmpste24 that disrupt nuclear lamin A processing, leading to the accumulation of prelamin A. Patients develop severe premature arteriosclerosis characterized by vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification and attrition. METHODS AND RESULTS-: To determine whether defective lamin A processing is associated with vascular aging in the normal population, we examined the profile of lamin A expression in normal and aged VSMCs. In vitro, aged VSMCs rapidly accumulated prelamin A coincidently with nuclear morphology defects, and these defects were reversible by treatment with farnesylation inhibitors and statins. In human arteries, prelamin A accumulation was not observed in young healthy vessels but was prevalent in medial VSMCs from aged individuals and in atherosclerotic lesions, where it often colocalized with senescent and degenerate VSMCs. Prelamin A accumulation correlated with downregulation of the lamin A processing enzyme Zmpste24/FACE1, and FACE1 mRNA and protein levels were reduced in response to oxidative stress. Small interfering RNA knockdown of FACE1 reiterated the prelamin A-induced nuclear morphology defects characteristic of aged VSMCs, and overexpression of prelamin A accelerated VSMC senescence. We show that prelamin A acts to disrupt mitosis and induce DNA damage in VSMCs, leading to mitotic failure, genomic instability, and premature senescence. CONCLUSIONS-: This study shows that prelamin A is a novel biomarker of VSMC aging and disease that acts to accelerate senescence. It therefore represents a novel target to ameliorate the effects of age-induced vascular dysfunction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging,arteriosclerosis,muscle,nuclear lamina,progeria,smooth,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Molecular and Tissue Pharmacology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2016 00:42
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2022 01:55
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.902056

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