Comparative effectiveness of 12 treatment strategies for preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury: A systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis

Su, Xiaole, Xie, Xinfang, Liu, Lijun, Lv, Jicheng, Song, Fujian, Perkovic, Vlado and Zhang, Hong (2017) Comparative effectiveness of 12 treatment strategies for preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury: A systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 69 (1). 69–77. ISSN 0272-6386

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Background: To simultaneously evaluate the relative efficacy of multiple pharmacologic strategies for preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).  Study Design: Systematic review containing a Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Setting & Population: Participants undergoing diagnostic and/or interventional procedures with contrast media.  Selection Criteria for Studies: Randomized controlled trials comparing the active drug treatments with each other or with hydration alone.  Intervention: Any of the following drugs in combination with hydration: N-acetylcysteine (NAC), theophylline (aminophylline), fenoldopam, iloprost, alprostadil, prostaglandin E1, statins, statins plus NAC, bicarbonate sodium, bicarbonate sodium plus NAC, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), tocopherol (vitamin E), α-lipoic acid, atrial natriuretic peptide, B-type natriuretic peptide, and carperitide.  Outcomes: The occurrence of contrast-induced AKI.  Results: The trial network included 150 trials with 31,631 participants and 4,182 contrast-induced AKI events assessing 12 different interventions. Compared to hydration, ORs (95% credible intervals) for contrast-induced AKI were 0.31 (0.14-0.60) for high-dose statin plus NAC, 0.37 (0.19-0.64) for high-dose statin alone, 0.37 (0.17-0.72) for prostaglandins, 0.48 (0.26-0.82) for theophylline, 0.62 (0.40-0.88) for bicarbonate sodium plus NAC, 0.67 (0.54-0.81) for NAC alone, 0.64 (0.41-0.95) for vitamins and analogues, 0.70 (0.29-1.37) for natriuretic peptides, 0.69 (0.31-1.37) for fenoldopam, 0.78 (0.59-1.01) for bicarbonate sodium, and 0.98 (0.41-2.07) for low-dose statin. High-dose statin plus NAC or high-dose statin alone were likely to be ranked the best or the second best for preventing contrast-induced AKI. The overall results were not materially changed in metaregressions or subgroup and sensitivity analyses.  Limitations: Patient-level data were unavailable; unable to include some treatment agents; low event rates; imbalanced distribution of participants among treatment strategies.  Conclusions: High-dose statins plus hydration with or without NAC might be the preferred treatment strategy to prevent contrast-induced AKI in patients undergoing diagnostic and/or interventional procedures requiring contrast media.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: contrast-induced acute kidney injury (ci-aki),contrast media,kidney disease,acute kidney failure,aki prevention,statins,hydroxymethylglutaryl-coa reductase inhibitor,statin,atorvastatin,rosuvastatin,simvastatin,n-acetylcysteine (nac),serum creatinine,cardiovascular events,systematic review
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2016 15:00
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 23:58
DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2016.07.033

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