Predictors of intact and C-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 in Gambian children

Braithwaite, Vickie, Jones, Kerry S, Assar, Shima, Schoenmakers, Inez and Prentice, Ann (2014) Predictors of intact and C-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 in Gambian children. Endocrine Connections, 3 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2049-3614

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Abstract

Elevated C-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 (C-FGF23) concentrations have been reported in Gambian children with and without putative Ca-deficiency rickets. The aims of this study were to investigate whether i) elevated C-FGF23 concentrations in Gambian children persist long term; ii) they are associated with higher intact FGF23 concentrations (I-FGF23), poor iron status and shorter 25-hydroxyvitamin D half-life (25OHD-t1/2); and iii) the persistence and predictors of elevated FGF23 concentrations differ between children with and without a history of rickets. Children (8-16 years, n=64) with a history of rickets and a C-FGF23 concentration >125 RU/ml (bone deformity (BD), n=20) and local community children with a previously measured elevated C-FGF23 concentration (LC+, n=20) or a previously measured C-FGF23 concentration within the normal range (LC-, n=24) participated. BD children had no remaining signs of bone deformities. C-FGF23 concentration had normalised in BD children, but remained elevated in LC+ children. All the children had I-FGF23 concentration within the normal range, but I-FGF23 concentration was higher and iron status poorer in LC+ children. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D was the strongest negative predictor of I-FGF23 concentration (R(2)=18%; P=0.0006) and soluble transferrin receptor was the strongest positive predictor of C-FGF23 concentration (R(2)=33%; P≤0.0001). C-FGF23 and I-FGF23 concentrations were poorly correlated with each other (R(2)=5.3%; P=0.07). 25OHD-t1/2 was shorter in BD children than in LC- children (mean (s.d.): 24.5 (6.1) and 31.5 (11.5) days respectively; P=0.05). This study demonstrated that elevated C-FGF23 concentrations normalised over time in Gambian children with a history of rickets but not in local children, suggesting a different aetiology; that children with resolved rickets had a shorter 25OHD-t1/2, suggesting a long-standing increased expenditure of 25OHD, and that iron deficiency is a predictor of elevated C-FGF23 concentrations in both groups of Gambian children.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License
Uncontrolled Keywords: fgf23,vitamin d half-life,rickets,iron status,children
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2016 00:51
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2020 22:21
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/60244
DOI: 10.1530/EC-13-0070

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