'Inward' and 'Outward' Jews: Margaret Fell, Circumcision, and Women's Preaching

Jowitt, Claire ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5232-7003 (1999) 'Inward' and 'Outward' Jews: Margaret Fell, Circumcision, and Women's Preaching. Reformation, 4 (1). pp. 139-167. ISSN 1357-4175

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This article examines the attitudes Margaret Fell demonstrates towards Jews in her first batch of pamphlets in 1656 and 1657 and compares them to her later pamphlets. It suggests that developments within the Quaker movement itself and the different religious and political climate of the latter period as well as Jews' messianic claims concerning Sabbatai Sevi were responsible for the changes between her mid-1650s work and the pamphlets published in the 1660s. Renaissance Jews remained attached, like Paul's Galatian converts, to fleshly particularity. Because they had not responded to her earlier universalist, salvational message, Fell no longer expected the Jews to convert and her attitudes towards them became considerably more brutal. Indeed, I suggest that in her later 1660s work Fell's central concern was no longer with Jewish conversion to Quakerism. Rather, still using the same metaphors of 'inward' and 'outward' Jewishness with which she had prosleytized Renaissance Jews in the 1650s, Margaret Fell in her later work questions women's marginal status within Quakerism.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > Medieval History
Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > Medieval and Early Modern Research Group
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2016 00:15
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2022 02:50
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/59940
DOI: 10.1179/ref_1999_4_1_008

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