In vitro activity of salinomycin and monensin derivatives against Trypanosoma brucei

Steverding, Dietmar, Antoszczak, Michał and Huczyński, Adam (2016) In vitro activity of salinomycin and monensin derivatives against Trypanosoma brucei. Parasites & Vectors, 9. ISSN 1756-3305

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Abstract

Background: African trypanosomes are the causative agents of sleeping sickness in humans and nagana disease in livestock animals. As the few drugs available for treatment of the diseases have limited efficacy and produce adverse reactions, new and better tolerated therapies are required. Polyether ionophores have been shown to display anti-cancer, anti-microbial and anti-parasitic activity. In this study, derivatives of the polyether ionophores, salinomycin and monensin were tested for their in vitro activity against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei and human HL-60 cells. Results: Most polyether ionophore derivatives were less trypanocidal than their corresponding parent compounds. However, two salinomycin derivatives (salinomycin n-butyl amide and salinomycin 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl ester) were identified that showed increased anti-trypanosomal activity with 50% growth inhibition values in the mid nanomolar range and minimum inhibitory concentrations of below 1 μM similar to suramin, a drug used in the treatment of sleeping sickness. In contrast, human HL-60 cells were considerably less sensitive towards all polyether ionophore derivatives. The cytotoxic to trypanocidal activity ratio (selectivity) of the two promising compounds was greater than 250. Conclusions: The data indicate that polyether ionophore derivatives are interesting lead compounds for rational anti-trypanosomal drug development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: trypanosoma brucei,salinomycin derivatives,monensin derivatives,african trypanosomaisis,drug screening
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2016 00:06
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 01:34
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/59826
DOI: 10.1186/s13071-016-1698-8

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