Changes in the glycemic profiles of women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes during pregnancy

Murphy, Helen R, Rayman, Gerry, Duffield, Katherine, Lewis, Karen S, Kelly, Susan, Johal, Balroop, Fowler, Duncan and Temple, Rosemary C (2007) Changes in the glycemic profiles of women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes during pregnancy. Diabetes Care, 30 (11). pp. 2785-2791. ISSN 0149-5992

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the changes in glycemic excursions that occur during pregnancy using continuous glucose monitoring and to compare patterns of glycemia in pregnant women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational data analysis was performed from a prospective randomized study of continuous glucose monitoring in 57 women with pregestational type 1 (n = 40) or type 2 (n = 17) diabetes with 7-day continuous glucose monitoring system profiles during each trimester. Serial glucose measurements were divided into periods of euglycemia (70-140 mg/dl), hyperglycemia (>140 mg/dl), and hypoglycemia (<70 mg/dl). Generalized linear mixed effects models were fitted to the repeated measures data to determine how these glycemic characteristics varied during gestation and by diabetes type. RESULTS: A total of 180 continuous glucose profiles were examined (140 type 1 diabetes, 40 type 2 diabetes), providing 20,433 h of data for analysis (16,117 h type 1 diabetes, 4,316 type 2 diabetes). Women with type 2 diabetes spend approximately 33% less time hyperglycemic throughout pregnancy than women with type 1 diabetes (P = 0.005), with a significantly more rapid reduction in time spent hyperglycemic in early pregnancy (P = 0.02). Although women with type 2 diabetes spend less overall time hypoglycemic (P = 0.04), their risk of nocturnal hypoglycemia is equivalent to that of women with type 1 diabetes (blood glucose level <70 mg/dl, P = 0.9; blood glucose level <50 mg/dl, P = 0.2). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous glucose monitoring reveals clear differences in the level of glycemic control that exist in women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. These data will guide therapeutic interventions aimed at optimizing glycemic control and improving the pregnancy outcomes of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of History
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 May 2016 08:35
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2019 11:38
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/59077
DOI: 10.2337/dc07-0500

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item