Visual units and confusion modelling for automatic lip-reading

Howell, Dominic, Cox, Stephen and Theobald, Barry (2016) Visual units and confusion modelling for automatic lip-reading. Image and Vision Computing, 51. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0262-8856

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Automatic lip-reading (ALR) is a challenging task because the visual speech signal is known to be missing some important information, such as voicing. We propose an approach to ALR that acknowledges that this information is missing but assumes that it is substituted or deleted in a systematic way that can be modelled. We describe a system that learns such a model and then incorporates it into decoding, which is realised as a cascade of weighted finite-state transducers. Our results show a small but statistically significant improvement in recognition accuracy. We also investigate the issue of suitable visual units for ALR, and show that visemes are sub-optimal, not but because they introduce lexical ambiguity, but because the reduction in modelling units entailed by their use reduces accuracy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lip-reading,speech recognition,visemes,weighted finite state transducers,confusion matrices,confusion modelling
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Computing Sciences
Faculty of Science
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Interactive Graphics and Audio
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Smart Emerging Technologies
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2016 11:00
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2023 00:37
DOI: 10.1016/j.imavis.2016.03.003


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