Dopamine, Affordance and Active Inference

Friston, Karl J., Shiner, Tamara, FitzGerald, Thomas, Galea, Joseph M., Adams, Rick, Brown, Harriet, Dolan, Raymond J., Moran, Rosalyn, Stephan, Klaas Enno and Bestmann, Sven (2012) Dopamine, Affordance and Active Inference. PLoS Computational Biology, 8 (1). ISSN 1553-734X

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Abstract

The role of dopamine in behaviour and decision-making is often cast in terms of reinforcement learning and optimal decision theory. Here, we present an alternative view that frames the physiology of dopamine in terms of Bayes-optimal behaviour. In this account, dopamine controls the precision or salience of (external or internal) cues that engender action. In other words, dopamine balances bottom-up sensory information and top-down prior beliefs when making hierarchical inferences (predictions) about cues that have affordance. In this paper, we focus on the consequences of changing tonic levels of dopamine firing using simulations of cued sequential movements. Crucially, the predictions driving movements are based upon a hierarchical generative model that infers the context in which movements are made. This means that we can confuse agents by changing the context (order) in which cues are presented. These simulations provide a (Bayes-optimal) model of contextual uncertainty and set switching that can be quantified in terms of behavioural and electrophysiological responses. Furthermore, one can simulate dopaminergic lesions (by changing the precision of prediction errors) to produce pathological behaviours that are reminiscent of those seen in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. We use these simulations to demonstrate how a single functional role for dopamine at the synaptic level can manifest in different ways at the behavioural level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2012 Friston et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: human prefrontal cortex,monkey cerebral-cortex,free-energy principle,parkinsons-disease,basal ganglia,cognitive deficits,computational model,incentive salience,dendritic spines,action selection
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 11:01
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 01:16
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/58242
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002327

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