Justice and conservation: The need to incorporate recognition

Martin, Adrian, Coolsaet, Brendan, Corbera, Esteve, Dawson, Neil, Fraser, James, Lehmann, Ina and Rodriguez, Iokine (2016) Justice and conservation: The need to incorporate recognition. Biological Conservation, 197. 254–261. ISSN 0006-3207

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Abstract

In light of the Aichi target to manage protected areas equitably by 2020, we ask how the conservation sector should define justice. We focus in particular on ‘recognition’, because it is the least well understood aspect of environmental justice, and yet highly relevant to conservation because of its concern with respect for local knowledge and cultures. In order to explore the meaning of recognition in the conservation context, we take four main steps. First, we identify four components of recognition to serve as our analytical framework: subjects of justice, the harms that constitute injustice, the mechanisms that produce injustices, and the responses to alleviate these. Secondly, we apply this framework to explore four traditions of thinking about recognition: Hegelian inter-subjectivity, critical theory, southern decolonial theory, and the capabilities approach. Thirdly, we provide three case studies of conservation conflicts highlighting how different theoretical perspectives are illustrated in the claims and practices of real world conservation struggles. Fourthly, we finish the paper by drawing out some key differences between traditions of thinking, but also important areas of convergence. The convergences provide a basis for concluding that conservation should look beyond a distributive model of justice to incorporate concerns for social recognition, including careful attention to ways to pursue equality of status for local conservation stakeholders. This will require reflection on working practices and looking at forms of intercultural engagement that, for example, respect alternative ways of relating to nature and biodiversity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Available under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental justice,equity, protected areas,aichi targets,biodiversity conservation
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 10:13
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2020 21:43
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/58040
DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.021

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