Going to work ill: a meta-analysis of the correlates of presenteeism and a dual-path model

Miraglia, Mariella and Johns, Gary (2016) Going to work ill: a meta-analysis of the correlates of presenteeism and a dual-path model. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 21 (3). pp. 261-283. ISSN 1076-8998

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Abstract

Interest in presenteeism, attending work while ill, has flourished in light of its consequences for individual well-being and organizational productivity. Our goal was to identify its most significant causes and correlates by quantitatively summarizing the extant research. Additionally, we built an empirical model of some key correlates and compared the etiology of presenteeism versus absenteeism. We used meta-analysis (in total, K = 109 samples, N = 175,965) to investigate the correlates of presenteeism and meta-analytic structural equation modeling to test the empirical model. Salient correlates of working while ill included general ill health, constraints on absenteeism (e.g., strict absence policies, job insecurity), elevated job demands and felt stress, lack of job and personal resources (e.g., low support and low optimism), negative relational experiences (e.g., perceived discrimination), and positive attitudes (satisfaction, engagement, and commitment). Moreover, our dual process model clarified how job demands and job and personal resources elicit presenteeism via both health impairment and motivational paths, and they explained more variation in presenteeism than absenteeism. The study sheds light on the controversial act of presenteeism, uncovering both positive and negative underlying mechanisms. The greater variance explained in presenteeism as opposed to absenteeism underlines the opportunities for researchers to meaningfully investigate the behavior and for organizations to manage it.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 09:18
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2020 23:47
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/57704
DOI: 10.1037/ocp0000015

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