The reliability, validity, and accuracy of self-reported absenteeism from work: a meta-analysis

Johns, Gary and Miraglia, Mariella (2015) The reliability, validity, and accuracy of self-reported absenteeism from work: a meta-analysis. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1076-8998

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Because of a variety of access limitations, self-reported absenteeism from work is often employed in research concerning health, organizational behavior, and economics, and it is ubiquitous in large scale population surveys in these domains. Several well established cognitive and social-motivational biases suggest that self-reports of absence will exhibit convergent validity with records-based measures but that people will tend to underreport the behavior. We used meta-analysis to summarize the reliability, validity, and accuracy of absence self-reports. The results suggested that self-reports of absenteeism offer adequate test–retest reliability and that they exhibit reasonably good rank order convergence with organizational records. However, people have a decided tendency to underreport their absenteeism, although such underreporting has decreased over time. Also, self-reports were more accurate when sickness absence rather than absence for any reason was probed. It is concluded that self-reported absenteeism might serve as a valid measure in some correlational research designs. However, when accurate knowledge of absolute absenteeism levels is essential, the tendency to underreport could result in flawed policy decisions.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2016 23:04
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 04:31
DOI: 10.1037/a0037754


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