Individual differences in adaptive coding of face identity are linked to individual differences in face recognition ability

Rhodes, Gillian, Jeffery, Linda, Taylor, Libby, Hayward, William G and Ewing, Louise (2014) Individual differences in adaptive coding of face identity are linked to individual differences in face recognition ability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40 (3). pp. 897-903. ISSN 0096-1523

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Abstract

Despite their similarity as visual patterns, we can discriminate and recognize many thousands of faces. This expertise has been linked to 2 coding mechanisms: holistic integration of information across the face and adaptive coding of face identity using norms tuned by experience. Recently, individual differences in face recognition ability have been discovered and linked to differences in holistic coding. Here we show that they are also linked to individual differences in adaptive coding of face identity, measured using face identity aftereffects. Identity aftereffects correlated significantly with several measures of face-selective recognition ability. They also correlated marginally with own-race face recognition ability, suggesting a role for adaptive coding in the well-known other-race effect. More generally, these results highlight the important functional role of adaptive face-coding mechanisms in face expertise, taking us beyond the traditional focus on holistic coding mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent,adult,aptitude,asian americans,attention,discrimination (psychology),european continental ancestry group,face,female,figural aftereffect,humans,individuality,male,middle aged,pattern recognition, visual,practice (psychology),recognition (psychology),social identification,statistics as topic,young adult
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2016 15:00
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 01:06
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/57285
DOI: 10.1037/a0035939

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