Appearance-based trust behaviour is reduced in children with autism spectrum disorder

Ewing, Louise, Caulfield, Frances, Read, Ainsley and Rhodes, Gillian (2015) Appearance-based trust behaviour is reduced in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 19 (8). pp. 1002-1009. ISSN 1362-3613

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Typical individuals make rapid and reliable evaluations of trustworthiness from facial appearances, which can powerfully influence behaviour. However, the same may not be true for children with autism spectrum disorder. Using an economic trust game, the current study revealed that like typical children, children with autism spectrum disorder rationally modulate their trust behaviour based on non-face cues to partner trustworthiness (e.g. reputation information). Critically, however, they are no more likely to place their trust in partners with faces that look trustworthy to them, than those that look untrustworthy. These results cannot be accounted for by any group differences in children’s conceptualization of trustworthiness, ability to read trustworthiness from faces or understanding of the experimental paradigm. Instead, they seem to suggest that there may be a selective failure to spontaneously use facial cues to trustworthiness to guide behaviour in an ecologically valid context.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, cognition (attention, learning, memory),school-age children,social cognition and social behaviour
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2016 14:00
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2021 23:50
DOI: 10.1177/1362361314559431

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