Estimating the global conservation status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species

Ter Steege, Hans, Pitman, Nigel C A, Killeen, Timothy J, Laurance, William F, Peres, Carlos A, Guevara, Juan Ernesto, Salomão, Rafael P, Castilho, Carolina V, Amaral, Iêda Leão, de Almeida Matos, Francisca Dionízia, de Souza Coelho, Luiz, Magnusson, William E, Phillips, Oliver L, de Andrade Lima Filho, Diogenes, de Jesus Veiga Carim, Marcelo, Irume, Mariana Victória, Martins, Maria Pires, Molino, Jean-François, Sabatier, Daniel, Wittmann, Florian, López, Dairon Cárdenas, da Silva Guimarães, José Renan, Mendoza, Abel Monteagudo, Vargas, Percy Núñez, Manzatto, Angelo Gilberto, Reis, Neidiane Farias Costa, Terborgh, John, Casula, Katia Regina, Montero, Juan Carlos, Feldpausch, Ted R, Honorio Coronado, Euridice N, Montoya, Alvaro Javier Duque, Zartman, Charles Eugene, Mostacedo, Bonifacio, Vasquez, Rodolfo, Assis, Rafael L, Medeiros, Marcelo Brilhante, Simon, Marcelo Fragomeni, Andrade, Ana, Camargo, José Luís, Laurance, Susan G W, Nascimento, Henrique Eduardo Mendonça, Marimon, Beatriz S, Marimon, Ben-Hur, Costa, Flávia, Targhetta, Natalia, Vieira, Ima Célia Guimarães, Brienen, Roel, Castellanos, Hernán, Duivenvoorden, Joost F, Mogollón, Hugo F, Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez, Aymard C, Gerardo A, Comiskey, James A, Damasco, Gabriel, Dávila, Nállarett, García-Villacorta, Roosevelt, Diaz, Pablo Roberto Stevenson, Vincentini, Alberto, Emilio, Thaise, Levis, Carolina, Schietti, Juliana, Souza, Priscila, Alonso, Alfonso, Dallmeier, Francisco, Ferreira, Leandro Valle, Neill, David, Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro, Arroyo, Luzmila, Carvalho, Fernanda Antunes, Souza, Fernanda Coelho, do Amaral, Dário Dantas, Gribel, Rogerio, Luize, Bruno Garcia, Pansonato, Marcelo Petrati, Venticinque, Eduardo, Fine, Paul, Toledo, Marisol, Baraloto, Chris, Cerón, Carlos, Engel, Julien, Henkel, Terry W, Jimenez, Eliana M, Maas, Paul, Mora, Maria Cristina Peñuela, Petronelli, Pascal, Revilla, Juan David Cardenas, Silveira, Marcos, Stropp, Juliana, Thomas-Caesar, Raquel, Baker, Tim R, Daly, Doug, Paredes, Marcos Ríos, da Silva, Naara Ferreira, Fuentes, Alfredo, Jørgensen, Peter Møller, Schöngart, Jochen, Silman, Miles R, Arboleda, Nicolás Castaño, Cintra, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat, Valverde, Fernando Cornejo, Di Fiore, Anthony, Phillips, Juan Fernando, van Andel, Tinde R, von Hildebrand, Patricio, Barbosa, Edelcilio Marques, de Matos Bonates, Luiz Carlos, de Castro, Deborah, de Sousa Farias, Emanuelle, Gonzales, Therany, Guillaumet, Jean-Louis, Hoffman, Bruce, Malhi, Yadvinder, de Andrade Miranda, Ires Paula, Prieto, Adriana, Rudas, Agustín, Ruschell, Ademir R, Silva, Natalino, Vela, César I A, Vos, Vincent A, Zent, Eglée L, Zent, Stanford, Cano, Angela, Nascimento, Marcelo Trindade, Oliveira, Alexandre A, Ramirez-Angulo, Hirma, Ramos, José Ferreira, Sierra, Rodrigo, Tirado, Milton, Medina, Maria Natalia Umaña, van der Heijden, Geertje, Torre, Emilio Vilanova, Vriesendorp, Corine, Wang, Ophelia, Young, Kenneth R, Baider, Claudia, Balslev, Henrik, de Castro, Natalia, Farfan-Rios, William, Ferreira, Cid, Mendoza, Casimiro, Mesones, Italo, Torres-Lezama, Armando, Giraldo, Ligia Estela Urrego, Villarroel, Daniel, Zagt, Roderick, Alexiades, Miguel N, Garcia-Cabrera, Karina, Hernandez, Lionel, Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Isau, Milliken, William, Cuenca, Walter Palacios, Pansini, Susamar, Pauletto, Daniela, Arevalo, Freddy Ramirez, Sampaio, Adeilza Felipe, Valderrama Sandoval, Elvis H and Gamarra, Luis Valenzuela (2015) Estimating the global conservation status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species. Science Advances, 1 (10). ISSN 2375-2548

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Abstract

Estimates of extinction risk for Amazonian plant and animal species are rare and not often incorporated into land-use policy and conservation planning. We overlay spatial distribution models with historical and projected deforestation to show that at least 36% and up to 57% of all Amazonian tree species are likely to qualify as globally threatened under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List criteria. If confirmed, these results would increase the number of threatened plant species on Earth by 22%. We show that the trends observed in Amazonia apply to trees throughout the tropics, and we predict that most of the world's >40,000 tropical tree species now qualify as globally threatened. A gap analysis suggests that existing Amazonian protected areas and indigenous territories will protect viable populations of most threatened species if these areas suffer no further degradation, highlighting the key roles that protected areas, indigenous peoples, and improved governance can play in preventing large-scale extinctions in the tropics in this century.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 2015 © The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2016 13:00
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2019 01:20
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/57011
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500936

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