Site-directed mutagenesis and structural interpretation of the nidogen binding site of the laminin gamma1 chain

Pöschl, E, Mayer, U ORCID:, Stetefeld, J, Baumgartner, R, Holak, T A, Huber, R and Timpl, R (1996) Site-directed mutagenesis and structural interpretation of the nidogen binding site of the laminin gamma1 chain. The EMBO Journal, 15 (19). pp. 5154-9. ISSN 0261-4189

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A precise molecular map of the nidogen binding site of laminins was obtained by site-directed mutagenesis and structural analysis of the 56 residue LE module gamma1III4 of their gamma1 chain. This demonstrated the crucial importance of the sequence DPNAV (position 800-804) in the disulfide-bonded loop a, with major contributions made by all residues except P801. Different substitutions of these residues emphasized the essential role of the negative charge (D800) and carboxamide group (N802) as well as their spacings and hydrophobic contacts (V804) for interaction, and predict direct contacts of these three residues with a complementary binding region of nidogen. An inactivating A803-V substitution, however, may lead to a distorted loop structure. A lower but still significant contribution originates from the non-contiguous link/loop c sequence LKCIY (positions 815-819) which is spatially close to the loop a sequence. The link residues (L815 and K816) provide main chain hydrogen bonds to N806 and a side chain hydrogen bond to the V804 carbonyl and thus stabilize the conformation of loop a. The side chains of I818 and Y819 together with P842 from loop d form hydrophobic contacts that provide further stability but could possibly also participate in direct ligation. The nidogen binding epitope is therefore localized on a narrow ridge and has a length of approximately 17 angstroms. The data also indicate a strong conservation of the epitope in the laminin gamma1 chains of several invertebrates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: amino acid sequence,binding sites,epitopes,laminin,membrane glycoproteins,molecular sequence data,mutagenesis, site-directed,mutation,protein binding,protein conformation,recombinant fusion proteins
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Cells and Tissues
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Gastroenterology and Gut Biology
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2016 12:01
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2023 23:45

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