Evolutionary biology and genetic techniques for insect control

Leftwich, Philip, Bolton, Michael and Chapman, Tracey (2016) Evolutionary biology and genetic techniques for insect control. Evolutionary Applications, 9 (1). pp. 212-230. ISSN 1752-4563

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Abstract

The requirement to develop new techniques for insect control that minimize negative environmental impacts has never been more pressing. Here we discuss population suppression and population replacement technologies. These include sterile insect technique, genetic elimination methods such as the release of insects carrying a dominant lethal (RIDL), and gene driving mechanisms offered by intracellular bacteria and homing endonucleases. We also review the potential of newer or underutilized methods such as reproductive interference, CRISPR technology, RNA interference (RNAi), and genetic underdominance. We focus on understanding principles and potential effectiveness from the perspective of evolutionary biology. This offers useful insights into mechanisms through which potential problems may be minimized, in much the same way that an understanding of how resistance evolves is key to slowing the spread of antibiotic and insecticide resistance. We conclude that there is much to gain from applying principles from the study of resistance in these other scenarios – specifically, the adoption of combinatorial approaches to minimize the spread of resistance evolution. We conclude by discussing the focused use of GM for insect pest control in the context of modern conservation planning under land-sparing scenarios.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 The Authors. Evolutionary Applications published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: fitness,genetic modification,release of insects carrying a dominant lethal,resistance,selection,sterile insect technique
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 14:04
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 00:24
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55845
DOI: 10.1111/eva.12280

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