Detection and Quantitative Analysis of Two Independent Binding Modes of a Small Ligand Responsible for DC-SIGN Clustering

Guzzi, Cinzia, Alfarano, Pietro, Sutkeviciute, Ieva, Sattin, Sara, Ribeiro-viana, Renato, Fieschi, F., Bernardi, Anna, Weiser, Jorg, Rojo, J., Angulo, Jesus and Nieto, Pedro M. (2016) Detection and Quantitative Analysis of Two Independent Binding Modes of a Small Ligand Responsible for DC-SIGN Clustering. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 14 (1). pp. 335-344. ISSN 1477-0520

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Abstract

DC-SIGN (dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3 grabbing non-integrin) is a C-type lectin receptor (CLRs) present, mainly in dendritic cells (DCs), as one of the major pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). This receptor has a relevant role in viral infection processes. Recent approaches aiming to block DC-SIGN have been presented as attractive anti-HIV strategies. DC-SIGN binds mannose or fucose-containing carbohydrates from viral proteins such as the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120. We have previously demonstrated that multivalent dendrons bearing multiple copies of glycomimetic ligands were able to inhibit DC-SIGN-dependent HIV infection in cervical explant models. Optimization of glycomimetic ligands requires detailed characterization and analysis of their binding modes because they notably influence binding affinities. In a previous study we characterized the binding mode of DC-SIGN with ligand 1, which shows a single binding mode as demonstrated by NMR and X-ray crystallography. In this work we report the binding studies of DC-SIGN with pseudotrisaccharide 2, which has a larger affinity. Their binding was analysed by TR-NOESY and STD NMR experiments, combined with the CORCEMA-ST protocol and molecular modelling. These studies demonstrate that in solution the complex cannot be explained by a single binding mode. We describe the ensemble of ligand bound modes that best fit the experimental data and explain the higher inhibition values found for ligand 2

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2015 07:19
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 23:56
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55800
DOI: 10.1039/C5OB02025E

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