Enhancing the executive functions of 3-year-olds in the Dimensional Change Card Sort task

Perone, Sammy, Molitor, Stephen J, Buss, Aaron T, Spencer, John P and Samuelson, Larissa K (2015) Enhancing the executive functions of 3-year-olds in the Dimensional Change Card Sort task. Child Development, 86 (3). pp. 812-827. ISSN 0009-3920

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Abstract

Executive functions enable flexible thinking, something young children are notoriously bad at. For instance, in the dimensional change card sort (DCCS) task, 3-year-olds can sort cards by one dimension (shape), but continue to sort by this dimension when asked to switch (to color). This study tests a prediction of a dynamic neural field model that prior experience with the postswitch dimension can enhance 3-year-olds' performance in the DCCS. In Experiment 1A, a matching game was used to preexpose 3-year-olds (n = 36) to color. This facilitated switching from sorting by shape to color. In , 3-year-olds (n = 18) were preexposed to shape. This did not facilitate switching from sorting by color to shape. The model was used to explain this asymmetry.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2014 The Authors. Child Development © 2014 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2015 13:00
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2019 01:22
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55684
DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12330

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