Blood eosinophil count and prospective annual asthma disease burden: a UK cohort study

Price, David B., Rigazio, Anna, Campbell, Jonathan D., R. Bleecker, Eugene, Corrigan, Christopher J., Thomas, Mike, Wenzel, Sally E., Wilson, Andrew M., Buatti Small, Mary, Gopalan, Gokul, Ashton, Valerie L., Burden, Anne, Hillyer, Elizabeth V., Kerkhof, Marjan and Pavord, Ian D. (2015) Blood eosinophil count and prospective annual asthma disease burden: a UK cohort study. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 3 (11). 849–858. ISSN 2213-2619

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Abstract

Background Elevated sputum eosinophil counts predict asthma exacerbations and responsiveness to inhaled corticosteroids but are impractical to measure in primary care. We investigated the relation between blood eosinophil count and prospective annual asthma outcomes for a large UK cohort. Methods This historical cohort study used anonymised medical record data to identify primary care patients with asthma aged 12–80 years with 2 years of continuous records, including 1 year before (baseline) and 1 year after (outcome) their most recent eosinophil count. Negative binomial regression was used to compare outcome exacerbation rates and logistic regression to compare odds of asthma control for patients with blood eosinophil counts of 400 cells per μL or less versus greater than 400 cells per μL, adjusting for age, sex, body-mass index, smoking status, and Charlson comorbidity index. The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02140541. Findings Overall, 20 929 (16%) of 130 248 patients had blood eosinophil counts greater than 400 cells per μL. During the outcome year, these patients experienced signifi cantly more severe exacerbations (adjusted rate ratio [RR] 1·42, 95% CI 1·36–1·47) and acute respiratory events (RR 1·28, 1·24–1·33) than those with counts of 400 cells per μL or less. They also had signifi cantly lower odds of achieving overall asthma control (OR 0·74, 95% CI 0·72–0·77), defi ned as limited reliever use and no asthma-related hospital attendance or admission, acute course of oral corticosteroids, or prescription for antibiotics. Exacerbation rates increased progressively with nine ascending categories of blood eosinophil count as compared with a reference category of 200 cells per μL or less. Interpretation Patients with asthma and blood eosinophil counts greater than 400 cells per μL experience more severe exacerbations and have poorer asthma control. Furthermore, a count–response relation exists between blood eosinophil counts and asthma-related outcomes. Blood eosinophil counts could add predictive value to Global Initiative for Asthma control-based risk assessment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: asthma,eosinophil,control,exacerbations,observational
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2015 08:21
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 00:28
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55452
DOI: 10.1016/S2213-2600(15)00367-7

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