Developmental continuity in the processes that underlie spatial recall

Spencer, John P. and Hund, Alycia M. (2003) Developmental continuity in the processes that underlie spatial recall. Cognitive Psychology, 47 (4). pp. 432-480. ISSN 0010-0285

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This study investigated whether children's spatial recall performance shows three separable characteristics: (1) biases away from symmetry axes (geometric effects); (2) systematic drift over delays; and (3) biases toward the exemplar distribution experienced in the task (experience-dependent effects). In Experiment 1, the location of one target within each geometric category was varied. Children's responses showed biases away from a midline axis that increased over delays. In Experiment 2, multiple targets were placed within each category at the same locations used in Experiment 1. After removing geometric effects, 6-year-olds'-but not 11-year-olds'-responses were biased toward the average remembered location over learning. In Experiment 3, children responded to one target more frequently than the others. Both 6- and 11-year-olds showed biases toward the most frequent target over learning. These results provide a bridge between the performance of younger children and adults, demonstrating continuity in the processes that underlie spatial memory abilities across development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive development,developmental continuity,developmental discontinuity,location memory,memory models,models of development,spatial cognition,spatial prototypes,spatial recall,working memory
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2015 17:02
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2022 14:11
DOI: 10.1016/S0010-0285(03)00099-9

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