Unifying Representations and Responses:Perseverative Biases Arise From a Single Behavioral System

Spencer, John P. and Schutte, Anne R. (2004) Unifying Representations and Responses:Perseverative Biases Arise From a Single Behavioral System. Psychological Science, 15 (3). pp. 187-193. ISSN 0956-7976

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Abstract

A dominant account of perseverative errors in early development contends that such errors reflect a failure to inhibit a prepotent response. This study investigated whether perseveration might also arise from a failure to inhibit a prepotent representation. Children watched as a toy was hidden at an A location, waited during a delay, and then watched the experimenter find the toy. After six observation-only A trials, the toy was hidden at a B location, and children were allowed to search for the toy. Two- and 4-year-olds' responses on the B trials were significantly biased toward A even though they had never overtly responded to this location. Thus, perseverative biases in early development can arise as a result of prepotent representations, demonstrating that the prepotent-response account is incomplete. We discuss three alternative interpretations of these results, including the possibility that representational and response-based biases reflect the operation of a single, integrated behavioral system.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2015 17:02
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 21:32
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55273
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