Preschoolers' perception of other people's looking: Photographs and drawings

Anderson, James R. and Doherty, Martin J. ORCID: (1997) Preschoolers' perception of other people's looking: Photographs and drawings. Perception, 26 (3). pp. 333-343. ISSN 0301-0066

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Children aged 3-4 years were tested for their ability to decide which of two photographs or drawings of a face depicted the act of fixating on a target object; in each control photograph or drawing the same face and object were present without fixation. Performance was above chance on both stimulus types, but low enough to call into question conclusions from previous research. The same children were also tested on their ability to discriminate between photographs/drawings depicting two faces fixating the same object (joint visual attention) and the same two faces fixating different objects. While discrimination of joint visual attention depicted in drawings was as good as discrimination of fixation in the single-face tasks, the ability to reliably choose between a photograph of two people attending to a common object and a control photograph was significantly poorer. The results suggest that, while young infants and children may be highly sensitive to face-on gaze, even well into the fourth year of life children are unable consistently to interpret (1) direction of non-self-directed gaze in static faces and (2) joint visual attention by others.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > UEA Experimental Philosophy Group
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Developmental Science
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2015 17:00
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2023 16:30
DOI: 10.1068/p260333

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