Examining air pollution in China using production- and consumption-based emissions accounting approaches

Huo, Hong, Zhang, Qiang, Guan, Dabo, Su, Xin, Zhao, Hongyan and He, Kebin (2014) Examining air pollution in China using production- and consumption-based emissions accounting approaches. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (24). pp. 14139-14147. ISSN 0013-936X

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Two important reasons for China's air pollution are the high emission factors (emission per unit of product) of pollution sources and the high emission intensity (emissions per unit of GDP) of the industrial structure. Therefore, a wide variety of policy measures, including both emission abatement technologies and economic adjustment, must be implemented. To support such measures, this study used the production- and consumption-based emissions accounting approaches to simulate the SO2, NOx, PM2.5, and VOC emissions flows among producers and consumers. This study analyzed the emissions and GDP performance of 36 production sectors. The results showed that the equipment, machinery, and devices manufacturing and construction sectors contributed more than 50% of air pollutant emissions, and most of their products were used for capital formation and export. The service sector had the lowest emission intensities, and its output was mainly consumed by households and the government. In China, the emission intensities of production activities triggered by capital formation and export were approximately twice that of the service sector triggered by final consumption expenditure. This study suggests that China should control air pollution using the following strategies: applying end-of-pipe abatement technologies and using cleaner fuels to further decrease the emission factors associated with rural cooking, electricity generation, and the transportation sector; continuing to limit highly emission-intensive but low value-added exports; developing a plan to reduce construction activities; and increasing the proportion of service GDP in the national economy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemistry(all),environmental chemistry,medicine(all) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Water Security Research Centre
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2015 22:47
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 00:58
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/53700
DOI: 10.1021/es503959t

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