Exploring the Metacognitive Profile and Role of Memory in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa

Liveley, Katie (2014) Exploring the Metacognitive Profile and Role of Memory in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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Abstract

The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the metacognitive profile and role of memory in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). Nine adolescent females with AN participated in the study. Metacognition can be conceptualised as ‘thinking about thinking’ (Wells, 2000). Metacognitive factors or cognitive processes involved in regulating thoughts and emotions can be explained by the Self-Regulatory Executive Function (S-REF) model (Wells & Matthews, 1994). Metacognitive dysfunction has been identified in adults with AN (e.g., McDermott & Rushford, 2011). Individuals with AN present with a toxic style of thinking, which is characterised by processing negative self-beliefs, perseverative thinking, self-focussed attention, threat monitoring and avoidance (e.g., McDermott & Rushford, 2011; Wells, 2000, 2009). Metacognitive factors can have an effect on memory processing (Mazzoni & Kirsch, 2002). Research on memory in eating disordered populations has focussed on the origins of the disorder, content of early recollections and the families’ relationship with food. Studies indicate that negative early experiences are associated with disordered eating (e.g., Sweetingham & Waller, 2008). This was the first qualitative study of metacognitive factors and role of memory, whereby the content, use, and impact of memories were explored. The primary research question was to explore and describe the metacognitive profile of adolescents with AN. The secondary question aimed to understand and capture the role of memory in this clinical sample. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to assess metacognitive factors and memories, based on Wells and Matthews’ (1994) metacognitive profiling interview. Data analysis was performed using thematic analysis, where the information was organised into four themes, Relationships in Anorexia Nervosa, Cognition, Coping Strategies, and Early Experiences and Memory. The key findings were that 8 participants described patterns of metacognitive dysfunction and indicated that memory can have a negative impact on mood and lead to dietary restriction.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Nicola Veasy
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 11:27
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 11:27
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/52520
DOI:

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