The application of K-function analysis to the geographical distribution of road traffic accident outcomes in Norfolk, England

Jones, A.P., Langford, I.H. and Bentham, G. (1996) The application of K-function analysis to the geographical distribution of road traffic accident outcomes in Norfolk, England. Social Science and Medicine, 42 (6). pp. 879-885. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

One method applicable to the examination of spatial point patterns of disease, the calculation of K-functions, is presented. The technique is used to determine the degree of clustering exhibited by the residuals from a spatially referenced legit model constructed to ascertain the factors influencing the likelihood of death in a road traffic accident. This was done to test if there was some systematic geographical factor influencing outcome not adequately controlled for in the model. K-functions are extremely versatile, overcoming many of the problems of incorporating the notion of scale associated with traditional methods of spatial autocorrelation. Recently software has become available which allows their calculation in an easy to use Geographical Information System style environment. This study illustrates the relevance of the method, not only to the analysis of data on mortality and morbidity, but also to the examination of the residuals from any spatial regression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: k-functions,spatial-statistics,gis,road-traffic-accidents
Faculty \ School:
Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2015 13:18
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 23:44
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/51701
DOI: 10.1016/0277-9536(95)00186-7

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