Influence of association state and DNA binding on the O2-reactivity of [4Fe-4S] fumarate and nitrate reduction (FNR) regulator

Crack, Jason C., Stapleton, Melanie R., Green, Jeffrey, Thomson, Andrew J. and Le Brun, Nick E. ORCID: (2014) Influence of association state and DNA binding on the O2-reactivity of [4Fe-4S] fumarate and nitrate reduction (FNR) regulator. Biochemical Journal, 463 (1). pp. 83-92. ISSN 0264-6021

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The fumarate and nitrate reduction (FNR) regulator is the master switch for the transition between anaerobic and aerobic respiration in Escherichia coli. Reaction of dimeric [4Fe-4S] FNR with O2 results in conversion of the cluster into a [2Fe-2S] form, via a [3Fe-4S] intermediate, leading to the loss of DNA binding through dissociation of the dimer into monomers. In the present paper, we report studies of two previously identified variants of FNR, D154A and I151A, in which the form of the cluster is decoupled from the association state. In vivo studies of permanently dimeric D154A FNR show that DNA binding does not affect the rate of cluster incorporation into the apoprotein or the rate of O2-mediated cluster loss. In vitro studies show that O2-mediated cluster conversion for D154A and the permanent monomer I151A FNR is the same as in wild-type FNR, but with altered kinetics. Decoupling leads to an increase in the rate of the [3Fe-4S]1+ into [2Fe-2S]2+ conversion step, consistent with the suggestion that this step drives association state changes in the wild-type protein. We have also shown that DNA-bound FNR reacts more rapidly with O2 than FNR free in solution, implying that transcriptionally active FNR is the preferred target for reaction with O2.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2014 The Author(s) The author(s) has paid for this article to be freely available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC-BY)( which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cluster conversion,dimerization,dna regulation,fumarate and nitrate reduction (fnr) regulator,iron–sulfur cluster,o2-sensor
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Biophysical Chemistry (former - to 2017)
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Molecular and Structural Biochemistry
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Chemistry of Life Processes
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2014 13:54
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 00:20
DOI: 10.1042/BJ20140169

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