Structural basis of NEDD8 ubiquitin discrimination by the deNEDDylating enzyme NEDP1

Shen, Lin-nan, Liu, Huanting, Dong, Changjiang, Xirodimas, Dimitris, Naismith, James H and Hay, Ronald T (2005) Structural basis of NEDD8 ubiquitin discrimination by the deNEDDylating enzyme NEDP1. The EMBO Journal, 24 (7). pp. 1341-51. ISSN 0261-4189

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NEDD8 (neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated gene 8)-specific protease NEDP1 processes preNEDD8 to its mature form and deconjugates NEDD8 from substrates such as p53 and cullins. Although NEDD8 and ubiquitin are highly related in sequence and structure, their attachment to a protein leads to different biological effects. It is therefore critical that NEDP1 discriminates between NEDD8 and ubiquitin, and this requires remarkable precision in molecular recognition. To determine the basis of this specificity, we have determined the crystal structure of NEDP1 in isolation and in a transition state complex with NEDD8. This reveals that NEDP1 is a cysteine protease of the Ulp family. Binding of NEDD8 induces a dramatic conformational change in a flexible loop that swings over the C-terminus of NEDD8 locking it into an extended beta-structure optimal for catalysis. Structural, mutational and biochemical studies have identified key residues involved in molecular recognition. A single-residue difference in the C-terminus of NEDD8 and ubiquitin contributes significantly to the ability of NEDP1 to discriminate between them. In vivo analysis indicates that NEDP1 mutants perturb deNEDDylation of the tumour suppressor p53.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: amino acid sequence,chromatography, gel,cloning, molecular,crystallography,cullin proteins,cysteine endopeptidases,electrophoresis, polyacrylamide gel,endopeptidases,escherichia coli,models, molecular,molecular sequence data,multiprotein complexes,protein binding,protein conformation,sequence alignment,substrate specificity,tumor suppressor protein p53,ubiquitins
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Gastroenterology and Gut Biology
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2014 12:58
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2024 00:50
DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600628

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