Metaphorical parasites and “parasitic” metaphors: Semantic exchanges between political and scientific vocabularies

Musolff, Andreas (2014) Metaphorical parasites and “parasitic” metaphors: Semantic exchanges between political and scientific vocabularies. Journal of Language and Politics, 13 (2). pp. 218-233. ISSN 1569-9862

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Abstract

The metaphorical categorization of social and political adversaries as “parasites” has an infamous history in public discourse. For two centuries it has been routinely used for the purpose of racial and socio-political stigmatization: In those cognitive accounts, the parasite-metaphor has usually been treated as an example of semantic transfer from the biological to the social domain. Historically, however, the scientific uses cannot be deemed original or primary, as their emergence in the 17th and 18th centuries was preceded by a much older tradition of religious and social meanings. The paper charts the main traditions of diachronic variation in the discourse history of the parasite-metaphor and discusses the implications of its findings regarding the assumption of “uni-directionality” of metaphorization processes, which has been a central tenet of cognitive analyses. In conclusion, we ask whether metaphors in political discourse might fruitfully be viewed as a “parasitic” form of communication.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anti-semitism,chain of being,discourse-historical approach,metaphor,meme,metonymy,parasite,racism
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > Language and Communication Studies
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2014 14:00
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 23:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/50497
DOI: 10.1075/jlp.13.2.02mus

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