DEVELOPMENT OF ADSORBENTS FOR THE CAPTURE AND STORAGE OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE BY MAGNETRON SPUTTERING

Roberts, Christopher (2013) DEVELOPMENT OF ADSORBENTS FOR THE CAPTURE AND STORAGE OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE BY MAGNETRON SPUTTERING. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

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Abstract

Concerns about climate change have rejuvenated global efforts in
reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Tactics include capture and
sequestration of CO2 from point sources and the promotion of hydrogen
(H2) as a “transport fuel”. Current H2 vehicles use high pressure H2 tanks
which lack the convenience of their fossil fuel counterparts and present
potential safety hazards. Development of adsorbent materials that reduce
the energetic costs of H2 and CO2 capture, facilitating reversible storage
under safer conditions, are hoped to increase the viability of these
technologies for industrial application.
This thesis is the first to utilise magnetron sputtering, a technique
allowing fine control over nano-material synthesis, for the design of novel
solid adsorbents and deposition of novel dopants for H2 storage and CO2
capture.
Work includes an in-depth study of the influence of nitrogen as a
sputter gas on the growth of carbonaceous films, and is the first to explore
these films performance as H2 and CO2 adsorbents. Several conflicting
nitrogen effects were identified, their influence on the films growth
dependent upon the nitrogen fraction of the sputter gas. Performance of
the deposited films as adsorbents was also dependent on the growth
conditions. The H2 storage capacity at 77 K and 20 bar of an optimised
adsorbent, synthesised by magnetron sputtering, was 4.7 wt.%,
comparable in performance to alternatives from the literature.
Further work provides the first evidence that cerium, deposited by
magnetron sputtering, can function as an adsorbent catalyst and identified
that sputtering is a worthwhile, yet slow process for adsorbent doping as it
facilitates intimate binding between the adsorbent and the dopant.
The novel synthesis of graphene by magnetron sputtering was also
attempted. Whilst tests failed, results collected could provide guidance for
more successful attempts in the future.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Mia Reeves
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2014 14:27
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 14:27
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/48731
DOI:

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