Developments in 2D NMR relaxometry and its application to biological tissue

Warner, Joshua (2010) Developments in 2D NMR relaxometry and its application to biological tissue. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (7MB) | Preview

Abstract

Abstract
In this thesis the capability of 2D NMR relaxometry to distinguish between different
biological tissues is established using fresh unpreserved samples of lamb’s liver and kidney.
A novel use of 2D T1-T2 relaxation spectra to provide characteristic profiles of specific
tissues in specific states of health is proposed and tested in the case of osteoarthritis using
human articular knee cartilage obtained from the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital
(NNUH). It is then proposed that 2D relaxation spectra can be used to optimise image
contrast, which is an outstanding problem in clinical MRI. Indeed clinical MRI lacks well
established and accurate methods for optimising image contrast and fails to exploit much
of the potential available to the NMR practitioner. In this thesis two methods for the
optimisation of image contrast using 2D T1-T2 relaxation spectra are proposed and tested.
These are named the Virtual Sample Simulation (VSS) and MRI COntrast Modelling
(MRICOM) methods. It is shown that MRICOM is more generally applicable because it
exploits the established Object-oriented Development Interface for NMR (ODIN). It is
demonstrated that ‘in-silico’ methods can predict image intensity of specific tissues using
specific imaging sequences and use them to optimise contrast between tissues. A newly
developed single shot T1-T2 sequence named the ‘TR method’ is proposed and
implemented in order to increase the speed of 2D NMR relaxometry by between 2 and 10
times. Its ability to distinguish between different biological tissues is established, again
using fresh unpreserved samples of lamb’s liver and kidney. Future work is then proposed
to combine this faster method with other time reduction methods and volume selective
techniques to create the CURE (Clinical Ultrafast RElaxometry) protocol. Methods are
also proposed to increase the tissue characterisation and diagnostic capabilities of 2D NMR
relaxometry with the use of expert systems and neural networks.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mia Reeves
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 10:26
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 10:26
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/48040
DOI:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item