An examination of the risk management issues in the handling at home of over-the-counter medicines purchased for children

Conway, Sharon, Collier, Jacqueline, Birchley, N, Niel, K, Rodgers, S, McIntyre, J, Choonara, I and Avery, A (2003) An examination of the risk management issues in the handling at home of over-the-counter medicines purchased for children. Pharmaceutical Journal, 271 (7262). pp. 209-213.

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Aim: To examine how over-the-counter medicines for children are handled in the home and identify any potential risks associated with their use. Design: Self-report questionnaire survey. Subjects and Setting: Parents of children under the age of 12 years from three general practices in the East Midlands area of the UK. Outcome Measures: Identification of risks in parental choice, administration, source of purchase, storage and disposal of over-the-counter medicines for children. Results: 21% of children's OTC medicines are purchased from non-pharmacy outlets. 93% of parents believe they store OTC medicines safely despite storage in inappropriate places. The risk of dental caries from sugar in medicines seems to be appreciated by most parents as this is the least favoured additive. 11% of parents use an inappropriate measuring device. Paracetamol is administered more frequently than every four hours by 12% of parents, and 4% exceed the maximum recommended number of daily doses. Most keep their children's medicines until they are needed again, significant numbers dispose of them in the dustbin, and only 5% return them to a pharmacy for disposal. Conclusions: A number of risk areas in parental use of OTC medicines for their children have been identified. An important role for the pharmacist is suggested in educating parental choice, dosing, administration, safe storage and disposal of children's OTC medicines. The pharmacist has a responsibility to take steps to minimise risks and ensure safe and effective use of medicines in children.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculty of Social Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Participation (former - to 2013)
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Developmental Science
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Cognition, Action and Perception
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Social Cognition Research Group
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2014 13:48
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 05:25

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