The semi-prognostic method

Greatbatch, Richard J., Sheng, Jinyu, Eden, Carsten, Tang, Liqun, Zhai, Xiaoing and Zhao, Jun (2004) The semi-prognostic method. Continental Shelf Research, 24 (18). pp. 2149-2165. ISSN 0278-4343

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An overview is given of the semi-prognostic method, a new and novel technique that can be used for adjusting models to correct for systematic error. Applications of the method to a regional model of the northwest Atlantic Ocean, and to an eddy-permitting model of the entire North Atlantic, show improvement in the handling of the Gulf Stream/North Atlantic Current systems, especially in the "northwest corner" region southeast of Newfoundland where prognostic models show systematic errors of as much as 10°C in the temperature field. Use of the semi-prognostic method also leads to improvement in the modelled flow over the eastern Canadian shelf. An advantage of the semi-prognostic method is that it is adiabatic; in particular, in spite of the improvement seen in the modelled hydrography, the potential temperature and salinity equations carried by the model are unchanged by the method. Rather, the method introduces a correction term to the horizontal momentum equations carried by the model. Adiabaticity ensures that the method does not compromise the requirement for the flow in the ocean interior to be primarily in the neutral tangent plane, and also ensures that the method is well-suited for tracer studies. The method is also easy to implement, requiring only an adjustment in the hydrostatic equation carried by the model. We also describe the use of the method as a diagnostic tool, for probing the important dynamic processes governing a phenomenon, and finally as a technique for transferring information between the different subcomponents of a nested modelling system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: continental shelf,modelling,ocean basin,ocean circulation,atlantic ocean,scotian shelf
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2013 21:22
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 04:51
DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2004.07.009

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