Identifying the development in phase and amplitude of dipole and multipole radiation

Rice, E. M., Bradshaw, D. S. ORCID:, Saadi, K. and Andrews, D. L. (2012) Identifying the development in phase and amplitude of dipole and multipole radiation. European Journal of Physics, 33 (2). pp. 345-358. ISSN 0143-0807

[thumbnail of EJP multipole]
PDF (EJP multipole) - Published Version
Download (1MB) | Preview


The spatial variation in phase and the propagating wave-front of plane wave electromagnetic radiation are widely familiar text-book territory. In contrast, the developing amplitude and phase of radiation emitted by a dipole or multipole source generally receive less attention, despite the prevalence of these systems. There is additional complexity in such cases where, in consequence of retardation, the character and features significantly and progressively change as radiation propagates onwards, from the near-field and out towards the wave-zone. Readily developed analytical representations of the electric field, cast as a function of distance from the source, provide illuminating insights into the most prominent and distinctive properties of radiant electromagnetic emission. Graphical implementations and animations of the results prove particularly instructive in revealing the spatial form and temporal evolution of the emergent electromagnetic fields.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Chemistry of Light and Energy
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Physical and Analytical Chemistry (former - to 2017)
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Photonics and Quantum Science
Depositing User: Users 2731 not found.
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2013 13:59
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2023 13:33
DOI: 10.1088/0143-0807/33/2/345


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item