How to assemble a beneficial microbiome in three easy steps

Scheuring, István and Yu, Douglas W. (2012) How to assemble a beneficial microbiome in three easy steps. Ecology Letters, 15 (11). pp. 1300-1307. ISSN 1461-0248

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Abstract

There is great interest in explaining how beneficial microbiomes are assembled. Antibiotic-producing microbiomes are arguably the most abundant class of beneficial microbiome in nature, having been found on corals, arthropods, molluscs, vertebrates and plant rhizospheres. An exemplar is the attine ants, which cultivate a fungus for food and host a cuticular microbiome that releases antibiotics to defend the fungus from parasites. One explanation posits long-term vertical transmission of Pseudonocardia bacteria, which (somehow) evolve new compounds in arms-race fashion against parasites. Alternatively, attines (somehow) selectively recruit multiple, non-coevolved actinobacterial genera from the soil, enabling a ‘multi-drug’ strategy against parasites. We reconcile the models by showing that when hosts fuel interference competition by providing abundant resources, the interference competition favours the recruitment of antibiotic-producing (and -resistant) bacteria. This partner-choice mechanism is more effective when at least one actinobacterial symbiont is vertically transmitted or has a high immigration rate, as in disease-suppressive soils.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Re-use of this article is permitted in accordance with the Terms and Conditions set out at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#Onlineopen_Terms
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Users 2731 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 09:05
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 11:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/39737
DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01853.x

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