Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding in women using hormone replacement therapy

Burbos, Nikolaos, Musonda, Patrick, Duncan, Timothy J., Crocker, Simon G., Nieto, Joaquin J. and Morris, Edward P. (2012) Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding in women using hormone replacement therapy. Menopause International, 18 (1). pp. 5-9. ISSN 1754-0453

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal bleeding using estrogen-progestogen hormone replacement therapy (HRT) regimens and to assess if the duration of HRT use has an effect on the risk of diagnosing endometrial cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of consecutive women presenting with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding at a gynaecological oncology centre in the UK.Main outcome measuresEndometrial cancer diagnosis. RESULTS: Over a 62-month period, 4847 women were investigated for postmenopausal vaginal bleeding. The majority of women (4097, 84.5%) did not use any HRT preparation at the time of initial referral and 750 (15.5%) women were using combined HRT preparations. A total of 298 (6.1%) women were diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma. Women using HRT preparations were significantly less likely to be diagnosed with endometrial cancer compared with women not using HRT (adjusted odds ratio = 0.229, 95% CI 0.116-0.452; P < 0.0001). The longer duration of HRT use did increase the risk of diagnosing endometrial cancer in women presenting with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding, but this was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal bleeding and using combined HRT preparations have significantly lower risk of being diagnosed with endometrial cancer when compared with women not using HRT.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Rhiannon Harvey
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2012 16:12
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 16:15
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/37395
DOI: 10.1258/mi.2011.011111

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item