Body Size, Exploitation and Conservation of Marine Organisms

Jennings, Simon ORCID: and Reynolds, John D. (2007) Body Size, Exploitation and Conservation of Marine Organisms. In: Body Size. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 266-285. ISBN 9780511611223

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Aquatic ecologists and conservationists have long been obsessed with trying to understand links between body size, exploitation and conservation (e.g. Adams, 1980; Dickie, Kerr & Schwinghamer, 1987a). There are several reasons for this interest. First, at the individual level, fisheries management for both vertebrate and invertebrate populations tries to minimize the mortality of smaller individuals, in order to increase the probability that individuals have reproduced before they are caught (Jennings, Kaiser & Reynolds, 2001a). Even if other management methods are used, practically every stock assessment that has ever been done on an indeterminately growing species has included size as a key input parameter. Second, at the population level, large-bodied species have life-history traits that lead to slow rates of population turnover, with clear implications for productivity, resilience and recovery potential (Hutchings, 2001; Denney, Jennings & Reynolds, 2002; Reynolds et al., 2005; Goodwin et al., 2006). Third, at the community level, predator–prey relationships are strongly linked to size (Cohen et al., 1993; Woodward & Warren, this volume; Persson & De Roos, this volume), leading to the potential for understanding how fishing mortality may have wider ecosystem impacts through food-web dynamics (Dickie et al., 1987a). At the population level, studies of the effects of exploitation have long focused on the direct effects of fishing mortality on a single stock, and this is often a pragmatic response to limited information on the indirect effects of mortality on one species affecting other species in the ecosystem (Hilborn & Walters, 1992).

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 14 - life below water ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/life_below_water
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (former - to 2017)
Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 27 May 2011 10:18
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2024 11:30
DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511611223.015

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