Calix[4]tubes: A new class of potassium-selective ionophore

Matthews, Susan E. ORCID:, Schmitt, Phillipe, Felix, Vitor, Drew, Michael G. B. and Beer, Paul D. (2002) Calix[4]tubes: A new class of potassium-selective ionophore. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124 (7). pp. 1341-1353. ISSN 0002-7863

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A new class of cryptand-like ionophore based on a bis calix[4]arene structure has been developed. These molecules proved highly selective for complexation of potassium over all group I metal cations and barium. A range of symmetric and asymmetric calix[4]tubes featuring either alkyl or phenyl substituents at the upper rim have been synthesized in exceptional yield. Alteration of the calix[4]arene upper rim environment enables fine-tuning of the rate of potassium uptake, which can be evaluated through the conformational change on binding by NMR studies. Selectivity of potassium complexation has been demonstrated using NMR and electrospray mass spectral techniques. Molecular modeling studies, derived from crystallographic data, confirm that the potassium metal cation is complexed via the axial route, passing through the calix[4]arene annulus, and provide evidence for complexation rate and selectivity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: binding,calix<n>arene,cavity calix<4>arenes,cation-pi interactions,calixarenes,conformation,alkali-metal cations,extraction,complexation,ion selectivity
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Rachel Smith
Date Deposited: 31 May 2011 10:28
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 03:21
DOI: 10.1021/ja011856m

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