Transitional states in marine fisheries: Adapting to predicted global change

MacNeil, M. Aaron, Graham, Nicholas A. J., Cinner, Joshua E., Dulvy, Nicholas K., Loring, Philip A., Jennings, Simon ORCID:, Polunin, Nicholas V. C., Fisk, Aaron T. and McClanahan, Tim R. (2010) Transitional states in marine fisheries: Adapting to predicted global change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365 (1558). pp. 3753-3763. ISSN 0962-8436

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Global climate change has the potential to substantially alter the production and community structure of marine fisheries and modify the ongoing impacts of fishing. Fish community composition is already changing in some tropical, temperate and polar ecosystems, where local combinations of warming trends and higher environmental variation anticipate the changes likely to occur more widely over coming decades. Using case studies from the Western Indian Ocean, the North Sea and the Bering Sea, we contextualize the direct and indirect effects of climate change on production and biodiversity and, in turn, on the social and economic aspects of marine fisheries. Climate warming is expected to lead to (i) yield and species losses in tropical reef fisheries, driven primarily by habitat loss; (ii) community turnover in temperate fisheries, owing to the arrival and increasing dominance of warm-water species as well as the reduced dominance and departure of cold-water species; and (iii) increased diversity and yield in Arctic fisheries, arising from invasions of southern species and increased primary production resulting from ice-free summer conditions. How societies deal with such changes will depend largely on their capacity to adapt - to plan and implement effective responses to change - a process heavily influenced by social, economic, political and cultural conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 13 - climate action,sdg 14 - life below water ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/climate_action
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (former - to 2017)
Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 26 May 2011 14:14
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 01:32
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0289

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