Experimental Evolution Exposes Female and Male Responses to Sexual Selection and Conflict inTribolium Castaneum

Michalczyk, L, Millard, AL, Martin, OY, Lumley, Alyson, Emerson, BC and Gage, MJG (2011) Experimental Evolution Exposes Female and Male Responses to Sexual Selection and Conflict inTribolium Castaneum. Evolution, 65 (3). pp. 713-724. ISSN 1558-5646

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Abstract

Between-individual variance in potential reproductive rate theoretically creates a load in reproducing populations by driving sexual selection of male traits for winning competitions, and female traits for resisting the costs of multiple mating. Here, using replicated experimental evolution under divergent operational sex ratios (OSR, 9:1 or 1:6 ?:?) we empirically identified the parallel reproductive fitness consequences for females and males in the promiscuous flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. Our results revealed clear evidence that sexual conflict resides within the T. castaneum mating system. After 20 generations of selection, females from female-biased OSRs became vulnerable to multiple mating, and showed a steep decrease in reproductive fitness with an increasing number of control males. In contrast, females from male-biased OSRs showed no change in reproductive fitness, irrespective of male numbers. The divergence in reproductive output was not explained by variation in female mortality. Parallel assays revealed that males also responded to experimental evolution: individuals from male-biased OSRs obtained 27% greater reproductive success across 7-day competition for females with a control male rival, compared to males from the female-biased lines. Subsequent assays suggest that these differences were not due to postcopulatory sperm competitiveness, but to precopulatory/copulatory competitive male mating behavior.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
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Depositing User: Users 2731 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 May 2011 11:14
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 16:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/31297
DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01174.x

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