School level correlates with adiposity in 9–10 year old children

Harrison, F, Bentham, G, Jones, AP, Cassidy, A, van Sluijs, EMF and Griffin, SJ (2011) School level correlates with adiposity in 9–10 year old children. Health & Place, 17 (3). pp. 710-716. ISSN 1873-2054

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Abstract

We examined the associations between the physical, social, and policy environments of schools and adiposity in 9-10 year old children in Norfolk, UK. The relationships between 56 school-level variables and Fat Mass Index (FMI; fat mass (kg)/height (m2)) were investigated among 1724 well characterised children from 92 schools in this cross-sectional study. After stepwise removal of variables from multilevel linear regression models stratified by gender, only three variables were significantly associated with FMI. Among girls, attending a school with more pupils in the year group was associated with lower FMI, and attending a school with better cycle provision was associated with higher FMI. In boys being allowed to eat any food at break-time was associated with higher FMI. There was some evidence of moderation of the relationship between cycle provision and FMI by urban-rural location. These data suggest that few school factors are associated with FMI, and provide limited pointers to inform potential future school-based interventions to reduce obesity.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 04 May 2011 08:03
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 16:46
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/29887
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.01.009

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